What Is An Investment Portfolio?

Investments PortfolioThe term investment portfolio is used to refer to investment collections held by individuals, banks or other financial institutions. The main function of a financial portfolio is to manage two or more types of investments. Financial portfolios offer an overall picture of investors’ finances.

Identification

An investment portfolio is a collection of investments. Many people invest on different types of investments to make profits, while ensuring the investments’ principal amount is protected. Investment diversification involves investing in different stocks, bonds and equities, rather than a single stock. Items in a financial portfolio have varying risk/reward ratios.

Some people choose to invest most of their capital on low risk, low yield investments, and small portions of the capital on high risk, high yield investments. Investment portfolios provide investors a means of keeping track of and managing all their investments, according to the investing site, Greekshares. In addition, financial portfolios contain a list of investors’ financial holdings including retirement accounts, real estate, and a list of valuable items such as jewelry.

Function

Investment portfolios provide a bird’s eye view of investors’ financial holdings. The portfolio provides investors a means of analyzing and managing their investments without risking too much on their principal. Financial portfolios give people an overall picture of their present financial status. It also helps in setting retirement goals and making changes to the investment to align them with the goals. Financial portfolios allow investors to have all of their financial information in one place, which allows them to manage and meet their financial goals.

Features

Investment portfolios contain a list of investors’ assets and investments. Examples of assets include checking accounts, savings accounts, jewelry, collectibles, and insurance policies among others. Investments include bonds, real estate, stocks, equities, and mutual funds among others.

Related Resources: Saving for Retirement

Considerations

It is important to consider your short and long term financial goals when preparing financial portfolios. One of the most popular types of investment portfolio is one that contains diverse investments. Simply put, avoid risking everything on one endeavor. A good portfolio is one that contains low risk/low return investments as well as high risk/high return investments. The bulk of the investment should be on low risk/low return investments to protect the principal. Invest a small portion in high risk/high return investments as means of creating growth.

Benefits

There are many benefits of diverse investment portfolios. It allows investors to manage their assets and investments to meet short and long term financial goals, including retirement. The most important factors in financial success include planning, knowledge and management. Investment portfolios help investors achieve their goals by providing them with the information they require to plan ahead and make adjustments that will help them accomplish their financial goals.

There are different ways of analyzing your investment. An old method, known as classic security analysis, emphasizes individual security selection. Portfolio investment is a modern and effective method that involves investment diversification and asset allocation to come up with a list of investments, according to the Securities and Exchange Commission. One of the biggest challenges in investing is the uncertainty on the performance of an investment. Investment portfolio management minimizes risk in investment by protecting the principal.